Industrial carbon dioxide (CO2) serves a variety of key applications across industries. In its solid state (-78°C), carbon dioxide – also known as dry ice – is a cold source that can be used as a cryogenic fluid for processes such as tissue conservation deep-freezing and fire extinction, as it is non-combustible. Carbon dioxide emitted into the atmosphere by chemical and oil and gas operations can be captured and purified for use in many industries and applications.
Food and Beverage
Air Liquide supplies carbon dioxide to customers in the food and beverage industries for a range of applications, including carbonation. Beverage-grade liquid carbon dioxide is a key ingredient in carbonated beverages such as sodas, beer and wine. The food industry employs carbon dioxide for food processing applications such as chilling and freezing, modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) and temperature control for products being stored and transported. Air Liquide's carbon dioxide production facilities serving the food and beverage industry have achieved the Food Safety System Certification 22000 (FSSC 22000), an internationally recognised standard for food safety.
In the metal fabrication industry, industrial carbon dioxide is widely used as a shielding gas in the semi-automatic welding process.
In many industries, industrial carbon dioxide is used for water treatment applications such as pH reduction to neutralise process and waste water streams.
Oil and Gas
In the upstream oil and gas industry, industrial carbon dioxide is used in well service applications such as hydraulic fracturing and in Enhanced Oil Recovery (EOR) applications, such as miscible oil displacement.
The volumes within this table are indicative and may vary with filled pressure. Actual gas volumes per product codes are available in CMS.
|Size||Gas Volume (Sm³)||Melting Point||Physical State*||DG Class|
|D: Steel||2.4||-78.5 °C||Gas||2.2|
|D: Alum.||3.2||-78.5 °C||Gas||2.2|
*Physical State at 20°C / 101.3kPa
Physical and Chemical Properties
|Colourless gas||Odourless||Non flammable||Carbon Dioxide, Compressed & Liquefied Gas|
|Colourless liquid||Odourless||Non flammable||Carbon Dioxide, Refrigerated Liquid (CO2)|
|Refrigerated solidified gas (White)||Odourless||Non flammable||Carbon Dioxide, Solid|
Carbon dioxide is available in bulk, single cylinders or multi-cylinder packs and liquid dewars. We offer compressed carbon dioxide gas and liquid carbon dioxide in a variety of purities, concentrations and volumes. Air Liquide offers a wide range of services to try and meet each customer's needs.
Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
CARBON DIOXIDE, Compressed & Liquefied Gas
CARBON DIOXIDE, Refrigerated Liquid (CO2)
CARBON DIOXIDE, Solid (CO2), Dry Ice